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Patent - A multiple bet consisting of 7 bets involving 3 selections in different events. A single on each selection, plus 3 doubles and 1 treble.
Penalty - A weight added to the handicap weight of a horse. Permutations - It is possible to Perm bets or selections e. Phone Betting - A service enabling punters to bet on horses with bookmakers by using telephones.
Phone TAB - Another phone betting service, provided by a totalisator which allows people with special betting accounts to place bets via the telephone.
Much the same as a bank account, you must have a credit balance to be able to place a bet. The cost of the investment is debited to your account, and winning dividends and refunds are automatically credited to your account.
Photo Finish - A photo is automatically taken as the horses pass the winning line and when the race is too close to be judged the photo is used to determine the order of finish.
Picks - Betting selections, usually by an expert. Pick Six or more - A type of wager in which the winners of all the included races must be selected.
Pitch - The position where a bookmaker conducts his business on a racecourse. Place - Finish in the top two, top three, top four and sometimes also top five in a competition or event.
A Place bet will win if the selection you bet on is among those placed. Usually, a horse runs a place if it finishes in the first three in fields of eight or more horses.
If there are only six or seven runners the horse must finish first or second to place. Different sportsbooks have different Place terms and you should check their rules before placing a bet.
In US, 2nd place finish. Pole s - Markers at measured distances around the track designating the distance from the finish. The quarter pole, for instance, is a quarter of a mile from the finish, not from the start.
Pool - Mutuel pool, the total sum bet on a race or a particular bet. Post - 1 Starting point for a race. For example, "He drew post four".
For example, "He's posted 10 wins in 14 starts". Post Position - Position of stall in starting gate from which a horse starts. Post Time - Designated time for a race to start.
Price - The odds. Protest - When a jockey, owner, trainer or steward alleges interference by one party against another during a race that may have affected the outcome of a race.
If a protest is upheld by officials, the runner that caused the interference is placed directly after the horse interfered with.
If a protest is dismissed by officials, the original result of the race stands. Punt - Another term for bet or wager. Punter - Bettor or investor.
Pull Up - To stop or slow a horse during or after a race or workout. Quadrella - Selecting the winner of four specifically nominated races.
Quiniela Quinella - Wager in which the first two finishers must be picked in either order. Payoff is made no matter which of the two wins and which runs second.
See Wagers for Quiniela variants. Race Caller - The person who describes the race at a racecourse. Racecard - A programme for the day's racing.
Rail Runner - Horse that prefers to run next to the inside rail. Ratings - Tipsters may determine a set of ratings which reflect, in their opinion, each runner's chance of winning a particular race taking a number of factors into account when preparing them.
Restricted Races - Races which only certain horses are eligible. Return - The dividend you receive on a particular bet.
Reverse Forecast UK - See 'Quinella' above. Ringer - A horse or greyhound entered in a race under another's name - usually a good runner replacing a poorer one.
Roughie - A horse which is considered to have a 'rough' chance of winning a race. Roundabout - A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events i.
Rounder - A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events i. Round Robin - A bet consisting of 10 bets 3 pairs of 'Single Stakes About' bets plus 3 doubles and 1 treble involving three selections in different events.
US, A series of three or more teams into two-team wagers. Router - Horse that performs well at longer distances. Run Free - A horse going too fast.
Runner - A participant in a race. In US, a sportsbook's employee who gathers information on the progress of betting elsewhere on the course.
Also, a messenger 'running' to and from pari-mutuel windows for occupants of clubhouse boxes. Scale Of Weights - Fixed weights to be carried by horses in a race according to age, distance, sex, and time of year.
Scalper - One who attempts to profit from the differences in odds from book to book by betting both sides of the same game at different prices.
Schooled - A horse trained for jumping. Scope - The potential in a horse. In US, to win a race or a bet. Also, a victory. Scratch - To be taken out of a race before it starts.
Trainers usually scratch horses due to adverse track conditions or a horse's adverse health. A veterinarian can scratch a horse at any time.
Scratch Sheet - Daily publication that includes graded handicaps, tips and scratches. Second Call - A secondary mount of a jockey in a race in the event his primary mount is scratched.
Selections - The horses selected by a knowledgeable person Tipster to have the most likely chance of finishing in first, second and third place.
This may also refer to a person's own selections - the horses they have chosen to back. Selling Race - A race where the winner is sold by auction immediately afterwards.
Settler - A bookmaker's expert who calculates payouts. Shadow Roll - Usually a lamb's wool roll half way up the horse's face to keep him from seeing his own shadow.
Shorten , Shortening the Odds - When the odds of a horse decrease, usually because a lot of money has been wagered on that horse.
Short Runner - A horse who barely stays, or doesn't stay, the full distance of a race. Short Price - Low odds, meaning a punter will get little return for their initial outlay.
Show - Third position at the finish. Show Bet - Wager on a horse to finish in the money; third or better. Shut Out US - What happens to a bettor who gets on the betting line to late and is still waiting in line when the window closes.
Also, in sports betting, when the losing team do not score. Silks - See 'Colors'. Simulcast - A simultaneous live television transmission of a race to other tracks, off-track betting offices or other outlets for the purpose of wagering.
Single - A Straight bet on one selection to win one race or event, also known as a straight-up bet. Single Stakes About or SSA - A bet consisting of 2 bets on two selections 1 single on each selection any to come 1 single on the other selection reversed.
Sire - Father of a horse. Six-Dollar Combine US - An across-the-board bet in racing. Sloppy track - A track that is wet on surface, with standing water visible, with firm bottom.
Slow track - A racing strip that is wet on both the surface and base. Between good and heavy. Smart Money - Insiders' bets or the insiders themselves.
Soft track - Condition of a turf course with a large amount of moisture. Horses sink very deeply into it. Spell - The resting period between preparations or racing.
Sportsbook - The person, shop or website who accepts bets. Spot Play US - Type of play in which bettor risks money only on types of races and horses which seem relatively worthwhile risks.
Sprint - Short race, less than one mile. Stake - The prize money for the winning horses paid to the owner eg. Stakes - The sums of money deposited or guaranteed by the parties to a bet.
Stakes-Placed - Finished second or third in a stakes race. Stakes Horse - A horse whose level of competition includes mostly stakes races.
Stallion - A male horse used for breeding. Standing Start - In harness racing, starters start from a standing position, once the barrier across the track is released.
Starter - The person responsible for starting a race. Starting Gate - Partitioned mechanical device having stalls in which the horses are confined until the starter releases the doors in front to begin the race.
Starting Price or SP - An estimation of odds available when the race starts. Starting Stalls - Mechanical gates that ensure all horses start in unison.
Stayer Also, Slayer - A horse that can race long distances. Steam - When a betting selection starts to move quite rapidly, usually caused by many bettors betting on it.
Steeplechase - A race in which horses are required to jump over a series of obstacles on the course.
Also known as a 'Chase'. Stewards - The group of people who control the day's racing by ensuring that every runner competes on its merits and imposing penalties for any breach of the rules of racing.
Stewards Enquiry - An enquiry by the stewards into a race. Stick - Also, Bat A jockey's whip. Stickers - Calks on shoes which give a horse better traction in mud or on soft tracks.
Stipes - Another term for the Stewards. Store US - A sportsbook or a bookie. Straight - Betting to win only. Straight Forecast UK - A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first and second to finish in the correct order.
See 'Exacta'. Straight Six - A wager to correctly select the winner of each of six consecutive nominated races.
Strapper - Also known as an attendant. A person who assists the trainer, cares for the horse or helps to put on its equipment.
Stretch home-Stretch - Final straight portion of the racetrack to the finish. Stretch Runner - Horse that runs its fastest nearing the finish of a race.
Stretch Turn - Bend of track into homestretch. Stud - 1 Male horse used for breeding. Superfecta - A bet placed on four horses to cross the finish line in exact chosen order.
Super Yankee - Alternative name for a multiple bet known as Canadian, a Super Yankee is a Yankee type bet with five selections instead of four. Sure Thing - A horse which a punter or tipster believes is unbeatable in a race.
Sweepstakes - Type of betting whereby each horse in a race is drawn out of a hat by a particular person who pays a set amount of money for the privilege of buying a horse.
The people which chose the winner and placegetters will receive a percentage of the total money pool. System - A method of betting, usually mathematically based, used by a punter or bettor to try to get an advantage.
TAB - Totalisator Agency Board. The body appointed to regulate off-course betting bets made by people who are not present at the race track.
Take Takeout - Commission deducted from mutuel pools which is shared by the track, horsemen in the form of purses and local and state governing bodies in the form of tax.
Taken Up - A horse pulled up sharply by his rider because of being in close quarters. The Jockey Club - An organization dedicated to the improvement of Thoroughbred breeding and racing.
Incorporated Feb. Thick'un - A big bet. Thoroughbred - A Thoroughbred is a horse whose parentage traces back to any of the three 'Founding Sires' the Darley Arabian, Byerly Turk and Godolphin Barb, and who has satisfied the rules and requirements of The Jockey Club and is registered in 'The American Stud Book' or in a foreign stud book recognized by The Jockey Club and the International Stud Book Committee.
Thoroughbred Racing Associations TRA - An industry group comprised of many of the racetracks in North America. Ticket - The betting slip or ticket which is received by the bettor from the bookmaker or totalisator, as proof of his or her wager.
The ticket is necessary to collect the dividends. Ticketer US - A forger of bookmakers' tickets. Tic-Tac - The secret and complex sign language used by bookmakers at racecourses to indicate movements in the price of a horse.
See BBC's Tic-Tac guide. Tierce - A French combination bet in which the bettor predicts the horses that will finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd.
Usually the main color is light tan with the mane and tail being black. Bearing in or Out: Quite often when a horse tires it starts to change direction from a straight line and bear in or out on the track.
This can also happen when a jockey is losing control of the horse. Bell: A bell is used at some race tracks when the gates open to start a race.
Bit: One of the main ways a jockey controls the horse is by using a bit. Blanket Finish: In some races, the finish is so tight that you could literally put a blanket over the top of both horses, hence the term a blanket finish is born.
Blaze: You may notice on some horses that are completely brown or tan they have a blaze of white on their face.
This is known, funnily enough, as a blaze. It can be quite a distinguishing feature on a horse and is a wonderful way to tell the difference between two otherwise very similar looking animals.
The better jockeys out there will have cunning strategies and ride their horses in a way to avoid ending up in a blind switch.
Blinkers: Some horses get distracted by the other horses around them in races and the crowds of people.
To avoid these horses being distracted and thus impacting negatively on their performance trainers will affix blinkers which block out their peripheral vision.
Quite often a horse will perform exceptionally well the first time they wear blinkers in a race as the jockey can finally make them focus on the task at hand.
Blowout: Just a few days prior to a big race a trainer will put a horse through a blowout session. This is a short and fast paced session that is intended to allow the horse to peak at their top speed in the upcoming race.
Board: At the race track all the odds and race information is shown on the board. This used to be a chalk black board back in the day, but they have now been replaced by fancy digital screens and displays.
You may still see an old style board at some traditional tracks around the country. Bobble: A bobble occurs at the start of a horse race just out of the gate.
The horse can falter on the ground and lose its footing, almost in a bobble motion, causing it to be on the back foot and having to recover while the rest of the horses bolt off.
Blinkers can help in this situation and will usually stop a horse from bolting too often. This term is also used in racing about the layer of ground just below the surface of a track.
Bow: Generally, this is used to describe the tendon below the knee on a horse. Quite often it can rupture as this is a common racing injury. Break: Ever heard the phrase it will be good once you break it in?
Well this is like how the term break is used in horse racing. Breakage: When pari-mutuel betting systems are used, there will sometimes be some money left over.
Usually this is just a few cents. This is called breakage and it will usually be given to the track, taken as commission or paid out to the government as an extra tax.
Breakdown: Every now and then a horse will get an injury and break down. Sometimes the jockey will ease back to give the horse a breather so that they can come home even stronger and take the lead when it matters.
Breeder: A breeder is a person who organises breeding between two horses and the owner of the dam when the foal is born. Breeze: A jockey will sometimes run a horse at a moderate pace; this is known as a breeze.
Bucked Shins: Some horses get inflamed muscles at the front of their cannon bone. This injury is usually more prevalent in young horses who are still relatively new to racing.
Bullet: Trainers will often time a horse on repeated efforts over the same distance in training. The best time they achieve over this distance is known as a bullet.
This specific type of training is known as bullet work. Bull Ring: A much shorter track than the standard is known as a bull ring. Call: The position of horses at any point in a race is known as the call.
Caller: As I mentioned above, this is the person who commentates the race and lets everyone know the call. Checked: Sometimes in a race a jockey must suddenly stop their horse or move them to avoid a collision or being seriously disadvantaged in the race.
This is known as being checked. Chute: Quite often a race track will have a large straight section that goes outside the main track at the start of the front straight.
Clerk of the Scales: This is the person who ensures that all horses carry the correct handicapped weight in a race.
They will weigh jockeys and their gear both before and after races to ensure compliance. Climbing: Trainers will always be on the lookout for climbing, which is a natural fault in the way a horse runs.
Dates from the days when on-track bookmakers would write current odds on a chalkboard. Chalk Player Bettor who wagers on favorites. Chase See 'Steeplechase'.
Checked A horse pulled up by his jockey for an instant because he is cut off or in tight quarters. Chute Extension of the backstretch or homestretch to allow a longer straight run.
Client US - Purchaser of betting information from horseman or other tipster. Close US - Final odds on a horse e.
Confusingly equates to 'Starting Price' in the UK. Closer A horse that runs best in the latter part of the race closing race , coming from off the pace.
Co-Favorites Where three or more competitors share the status as favorite. Colors Colours - Racing silks, the jacket and cap worn by jockeys.
Silks can be generic and provided by the track or specific to one owner. Colt An ungelded entire male horse four-years-old or younger. Conditional Jockey Same as 'Apprentice' but also allowed to jump.
Correct Weight Horses are allocated a weight to carry that is checked before and, for at least the placegetters, after a race.
Correct weight must be signaled before bets can be paid out. Daily Double Type of wager calling for the selection of winners of two consecutive races, usually the first and second.
See 'Late Double'. Daily Racing Form A daily newspaper containing racing information including news, past performance data and handicapping.
Daily Triple A wager where the bettor must select the winner of three consecutive races. Dead Heat A tie. Two or more horses finishing equal in a race.
Dead Track Racing surface lacking resiliency. Declaration Of Weights The publication of weights allocated to each horse nominated for a race by the handicapper.
Declared In the United States, a horse withdrawn from a stakes race in advance of scratch time. In Europe, a horse confirmed to start in a race.
Deductions When a horse is scratched from a race after betting on that race has already started, deductions are taken out of the win and place bets at a rate in proportion to the odds of the scratched horse.
Derby A stakes event for three-year-olds. Distanced Well beaten, finishing a long distance behind the winner. Dog US - The underdog in any betting proposition.
Dog Player US - A bettor who mainly wagers on the underdog. Double Selecting the winners in two specific races. Double Carpet UK slang for Odds of 33 to 1, based on 'Carpet'.
Draw Refers to a horse's placing in the starting stalls. For flat racing only. Stall numbers are drawn at random. Drift Also, Ease Odds that 'Lengthen', are said to have drifted, or be 'On The Drift'.
Driving Strong urging by rider. Dual Forecast A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first two to finish in either order.
An each way bet is when you have the same amount on the horse for a win and for a place. Bookmakers will give you one quarter of the win odds for a place in fields of eight or more and one third of the win odds in fields of six or seven horses.
Each Way Double Two separate bets of a win double and a place double. Each Way Single Two bets.
The first is for the selection to win; the second for it to be placed each way. Eclipse Award Thoroughbred racing's year-end awards, honoring the top horses in 11 separate categories.
Enclosure The area where the Runners gather for viewing before and after the race. Equibase Company - A partnership between The Jockey Club and the Thoroughbred Racing Associations to establish and maintain an industry-owned, central database of racing records.
Equibase past-performance information is used in track programs across North America. Evenly Neither gaining nor losing position or distance during a race.
Even Money Bet or Evens - A bet. Exacta Also, Perfecta A wager that picks the first two finishers in a race in the exact order of finish.
Straight Forecast in the UK. Exacta Box A wager in which all possible combinations using a given number of horses are covered.
Exotic wager - Any wager other than win, place or show. Exposure The amount of money one actually stands to lose on a game or race.
Extended Forced to run at top speed. False Favorite A horse that is a race favorite despite being outclassed by others. Faltered A horse that was in contention early in the race but drops back in the late stages.
Fast track - Optimum condition for a dirt track that is dry, even, resilient and fast. Favorite The most popular horse in a race, which is quoted at the lowest odds because it is deemed to have the best chance of winning the race.
Feature Races Top races. Fence The inside fence is the inside running rail around the race track, while the outside fence is the outside running rail.
Field 1 All the runners in a race. This is known as favorite vs the field betting and is common in horse and golf betting.
Field Horse Two or more starters running as a single betting unit, when there are more entrants than positions on the totalisator board can accommodate.
Filly Female horse four-years-old or younger. Firm track - A condition of a turf course corresponding to fast on a dirt track.
A firm, resilient surface. First Up The first run a horse has in a new campaign or preparation. Fixed Odds Your dividend is fixed at the odds when you placed your bet.
Fixture See 'Meeting'. Flag A bet consisting of 23 bets a 'Yankee' plus 6 'Single Stakes About' bets in pairs on 4 selections in different event.
Flash US - Change of odds information on tote board. Flat race Contested on level ground as opposed to a steeplechase. Flatten Out When a horse drops his head almost in a straight line with his body, generally from exhaustion.
Foal A baby horse, usually refers to either a male or female horse from birth to January 1st of the following year.
Fold When preceded by a number, a fold indicates the number of selections in an accumulator e. Forecast A wager that involves correctly predicting the 1st and 2nd for a particular event.
This bet can be straight, reversed or permed. USA, Perfecta or Exacta. Form Statistics of previous performance and comment as to the expected current performance of a runner, useful in deciding which runner to bet on.
Form Player A bettor who makes selections from past-performance records. Front-runner A horse whose running style is to attempt to get on or near the lead at the start of the race and stay there as long as possible.
Frozen track - A condition of a racetrack where any moisture present is frozen. Full Cover All the doubles, trebles and accumulators involved in a given number of selections.
Furlong One-eighth of a mile or yards or feet approx. Futures Also, Ante Post Bets placed in advance predicting the outcome of a future event.
Gait Harness horses are divided into two distinct groups, pacers or trotters, depending on their gait when racing. The gait is the manner in that a horse moves its legs when running.
The pacer is a horse with a lateral gait, whereas a trotter or square-gaiter has a diagonal gait. Gate Another term for barrier, or position a horse will start from.
Gelding A male horse that has been castrated. Gentleman Jockey Amateur rider, generally in steeplechases. Going The condition of the racecourse firm, heavy, soft, etc.
Good track - Condition between fast and slow, generally a bit wet. A dirt track that is almost fast or a turf course slightly softer than firm. Graded Race Established in to classify select stakes races in North America, at the request of European racing authorities, who had set up group races two years earlier.
Always denoted with Roman numerals I, II, or III. Capitalized when used in race title the Grade I Kentucky Derby.
See 'Group Race' below. Graduate Winning for the first time. Green An inexperienced horse. Group Race An elite group of races.
Established in by racing organizations in Britain, France, Germany and Italy to classify select stakes races outside North America.
Collectively called 'Pattern Races'. Equivalent to North American graded races. Always denoted with Arabic numerals 1, 2, or 3.
Capitalized when used in race title the Group 1 Epsom Derby. See 'Graded Race' above. Hand Four inches. A horse's height is measured in hands and inches from the top of the shoulder withers to the ground, e.
Thoroughbreds typically range from 15 to 17 hands. Handicap 1 Race for which the track handicapper assigns the weights to be carried.
Each horse is allocated a different weight to carry, the theory being all horses then run on a fair and equal basis.. Handicapper The official who decides the weights to be carried in handicap events, and the grading of horses and greyhounds.
Hand Ride The jockey urges a horse with the hands and arms without using the whip. Hard track - A condition of a turf course where there is no resiliency to the surface.
Head A margin between horses. One horse leading another by the length of its head. Head Of The Stretch Beginning of the straight run to the finish line.
Heavy track - Wettest possible condition of a turf course, similar to muddy but slower; not usually found in North America.
Hedge The covering of a bet with a second bet. Hedging A bet made by a cautious bookie on a horse on which he has accepted large bets - in order to cut his losses if the horse wins also known as a 'lay-off bet'.
Heinz A Heinz is a multiple bet consisting of 57 bets involving 6 selections in different events.
The multiple bet breakdown is 15 doubles, 20 trebles, 15x4-folds, 6x5-folds and one 6-fold. High Weight Highest weight assigned or carried in a race.
Home Turn The final turn a horse must travel around before entering the home straight in the run to the finish line. Horse When reference is made to sex, a 'horse' is an ungelded male five-years-old or older.
Hung A horse holding the same position, unable to make up distance on the winner. Impost Weight carried or assigned. In Hand Running under moderate control, at less than best pace.
Inquiry Reviewing the race to check into a possible infraction of the rules. Also, a sign flashed by officials on the tote board on such occasions.
If lodged by a jockey, it is called an objection. In The Money Describes the horses in a race that finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd and sometimes 4th or the horses on which money will be paid to bettors, depending on the place terms.
In The Red Are odds shown in red on the betting boards because they are Odds-On bets. Investor A bettor.
A person at a licensed race meeting who bets with a bookmaker or the totalisator, or a person not present at the meeting, but places bets on the horses engaged at that meeting with the off-course totalisator.
Joint Favourites When a sportsbook or bookmaker cannot separate two horses or teams for favouritism, they are made joint favourites. Judge The person who declares the official placing for each race.
Juice The bookmaker's commission, also known as vigorish or vig. Jumper Steeplechase or hurdle horse. Jolly The favourite in a race. Canadian: A system bet consists of five selections and is made up of 10 doubles and 10 trebles, plus 5 four-fold accumulators and 1 five-fold accumulator.
Total of 26 bets. Card: A quick term used to speak about a specific meeting or race. Chase: A race which is run over fences.
Classics: Refers to five specific flat races held in the UK: the Derby, Oaks, St Leger, 1, Guineas and 2, Guineas. Colt: A horse four years or younger that is yet to be castrated.
Conditional jockey: The name given to an apprentice jockey or jockey of that level of experience who is given permission to jump.
Co-favourites: The betting title given to two or more horses that have the joint lowest betting odds. Connections: Name for the people trainer, owner, etc that are connected with a horse.
Course specialist: A horse that has won, set a good time or performed well on multiple occasions on a specific track. Dam: The mother of a horse.
Dead Heat: Involves two or more horses crossing the line at the same time. Double: A bet of two selections from separate races.
Both horses need to win for the bet to payout. Draw: The number on the stall where a horse begins the race flat only. Drifting: Betting odds that are getting longer because the horse is unfancied.
Each way: A two-part bet covering the win and the place. Exacta: Also known as a forecast. This is a bet where you pick two horses in the same race.